OVER-THE-SHOULDER SHOT: In film, a shot that gives us a character's point of view but that includes part of that character's shoulder or the side of the head in the shot. There are numerous examples in Orson Welles' Citizen Kane, especially of the focalizing gaze of the nameless reporter; indeed, we are often given over-the-shoulder shots that include his glasses, thus self-reflexively underlining the fact of the focalization (eg. bi-focals).






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