SUBSTITUTE-FORMATION : A substitute-formation is a result of repression and the subsequent return of the repressed in an alternate form. For example, in childhood anxiety-hysteria, the child is often working through his libidinal attitude to—and fear of—his or her father: "After repression, this impulse vanishes out of consciousness: the father does not appear in consciousness as an object for the libido. As a substitute for him we find in a corresponding situation some animal which is more or less suited to be an object of dread" ("Repression" 426). The substitute-formation thus follows the path of displacement. See also reaction-formation.






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