Michael Bergmann

Department Information

Philosophy // Faculty
Religious Studies // SIS // Faculty

Office Information

  • Specialization

  • Epistemology, Metaphysics, Philosophy of Religion

  • Selected Publications


    • Traditional Epistemic Internalism (co-edited with Brett Coppenger), Oxford University Press, 2016.

    • Reason and Faith: Themes from Swinburne (co-edited with Jeffrey Brower), Oxford University Press, 2016.

    • Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief: Disagreement and Evolution (co-edited with Patrick Kain), Oxford University Press, 2014.

    • Divine Evil?  The Moral Character of the God of Abraham (co-edited with Michael Murray and Michael Rea), Oxford University Press (2011).
    • Justification Without Awareness, Oxford University Press (2006).


    • “Religious Disagreement and Rational Demotion,” Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion, 6 (2015), 21-57.
    • "Divine Responsibility without Divine Freedom," (co-authored with Jan Cover) Faith and Philosophy 23 (2006), 381-408.
    • "Defeaters and Higher-Level Requirements," The Philosophical Quarterly 55 (2005), 419-36.
    • "Epistemic Circularity: Malignant and Benign," Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (2004), 709-27. 
    • "Skeptical Theism and Rowe’s New Evidential Argument from Evil," Noûs 35 (2001) 278-96.
    • "Externalism and Skepticism," The Philosophical Review 109 (2000), 159-94.

    Book Chapters

    • "Skeptical Theism and the Problem of Evil," Oxford Handbook to Philosophical Theology, eds. Thomas Flint and Michael Rea (Oxford University Press, 2009), pp. 374-99.
    • "Externalist Responses to Skepticism," Oxford Handbook to Skepticism, ed. John Greco (Oxford University Press, 2008), pp. 504-38.

    Selected Honors and Awards

    • Principal Investigator for Grant on  “Knowing in Religion and Morality” (with Patrick Kain as Co-Principal Investigator), John Templeton Foundation ($500,000 project), 2010-2013
    • University Faculty Scholar, Purdue University, 2004-2009
    • Young Epistemologist Prize, Rutgers Epistemology Conference, 2003

    Work in Progress

    •  Responding to Skepticism: Radical, Moral, and Religious, book manuscript.

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