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Francis Publication List


Francis, Elaine J. 2022. Gradient Acceptability and Linguistic TheoryOxford: Oxford University Press.

Refereed Journal Articles

Francis, Elaine J. and Laura A. Michaelis. 2017. When relative clause extraposition is the right choice, it’s easier. Language and Cognition 9(2): 332-370.

Hitz, John and Elaine J. Francis. 2016. On the usefulness of formal judgment tasks in syntax and in second-language research: The case of resumptive pronouns in English, Turkish, and Mandarin Chinese. Linguistics 54: 1241-1280.

Francis, Elaine J., Charles Lam, Carol Chun Zheng, John Hitz, and Stephen Matthews. 2015. Resumptive pronouns, structural complexity, and the elusive distinction between grammar and performance: evidence from Cantonese. Lingua 162: 56-81.

Huber, Jessica E., Meghan Darling, and Elaine J. Francis. 2012. Impact of typical aging and Parkinson’s disease on the relationship among breath pausing, syntax, and punctuation.  American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology 21: 368-379.                  

Francis, Elaine J., Stephen Matthews, Reace Wing Yan Wong, and Stella Wing Man Kwan.  2011. Effects of weight and syntactic priming on the production of Cantonese verb-doubling. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 40: 1-28.

Francis, Elaine J. 2010. Grammatical weight and relative clause extraposition in English. Cognitive Linguistics 21(1): 35-74.

Francis, Elaine J. and Etsuyo Yuasa. 2008. A multi-modular approach to gradual change in  grammaticalization. Journal of Linguistics 44(1): 45-86.

Francis, Elaine J. and Stephen Matthews. 2006.  Categoriality and object extraction in Cantonese serial verb constructions. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 24: 751-801.

Francis, Elaine J. and Stephen Matthews. 2005. A multi-dimensional approach to the category ‘verb’ in Cantonese. Journal of Linguistics 41(2): 269-305.

Francis, Elaine J.  1998.   Some semantic reasons why iconicity between lexical  categories and their discourse functions isn’t perfect.  Language Sciences 20(4): 399-414. 

Book Chapters

Francis, Elaine J. and Laura A. Michaelis. 2014. Why move? How weight and discourse factors combine to predict relative clause extraposition in English.  Edith Moravcsik, Andrej Malchukov, and Brian MacWhinney. Eds. Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage, pp. 70-87. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Francis, Elaine J. 2011. Constraining mismatch in grammar and in sentence comprehension: The  role of default correspondences. Etsuyo Yuasa, Tista Bagchi, and Katharine Beals, eds.  Pragmatics and Autolexical Grammar: In honor of Jerry Sadock, pp. 279-298. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Francis, Elaine J.  2005.  Syntactic mimicry as evidence for prototypes in grammar. Salikoko S. Mufwene, Elaine J. Francis, and Rebecca S. Wheeler, eds.  Polymorphous Linguistics: Jim McCawley’s Legacy, pp. 161-181.  Cambridge: MIT Press.

Francis, Elaine J. and Laura A. Michaelis. 2003.  Mismatch: a crucible for linguistic theory. Elaine J. Francis and Laura A. Michaelis, eds. Mismatch: Form-Function Incongruity and the Architecture of Grammar, 1-27. Stanford: CSLI Publications.

Yuasa, Etsuyo and Elaine J. Francis.  2003.  Categorial mismatch in a multi-modular theory of grammar.  Elaine J. Francis and Laura A. Michaelis, eds. Mismatch: Form-Function Incongruity and the Architecture of Grammar, pp. 179-227.  Stanford:  CSLI Publications.

Edited Books

Mufwene, Salikoko S., Elaine J. Francis and Rebecca S. Wheeler, eds. 2005. Polymorphous Linguistics: Jim McCawley’s Legacy.  Cambridge: MIT Press. (550 pp.)

Francis, Elaine J. and Laura A. Michaelis, eds. 2003. Mismatch: Form-Function Incongruity and the Architecture of Grammar.  Stanford: CSLI Publications. (430 pp.)

Book Reviews

Francis, Elaine J. 2015. Review of: Cross-linguistic variation and efficiency, by John A. Hawkins. Language 91(1): 253-255.

Francis, Elaine J.  2002.  Form and function in syntactic theory: a reaction to Newmeyer. Language Sciences 24(1): 29-56.

Francis, Elaine J.  2000.  Two perspectives on the grammar of possession. Language Sciences. 22(1): 87-107.

Francis, Alexander L. and Elaine Jones (Francis). 1996. Phonetics and phonological theory. Language & Communication 16(4): 381-395.

Replies and Commentaries

Francis, Elaine J. 2017. Structural priming can inform syntactic analyses of partially grammaticalized constructions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40: 22-23. (commentary on target article by Branigan and Pickering)

Mufwene, Salikoko S. and Elaine J. Francis. 2007. McCawley’s legacy: a response to Pieter A.M. Seuren. Language Sciences 29: 566-570.

Edited Journal Issue

Jones (Francis), Elaine and Gail Brendel Viechnicki, eds.  1997.  Special issue on the importance of theory in discourse analysis. Language & Communication 17(2). 

Conference Proceedings

Francis, Elaine J. and Laura A. Michaelis. 2012. Effects of weight and definiteness on speakers’ choice of clausal ordering in English. LSA Annual Meeting Extended Abstracts 2012 3(5).

Francis, Elaine J. 2007. The role of default constructions in the processing of mismatch: The case of possessive free relatives. Stefan Müller, ed. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar: Workshop on Constructions and Grammatical Theory, 345-363. Stanford: CSLI Publications.

Francis, Elaine J. and Laura A. Michaelis. 2000.  Approaches to mismatch: introduction. Proceedings of the BFG00 Conference Workshops, ed. by Miriam Butt and Tracy Holloway King.  Stanford: CSLI Publications.

Francis, Elaine J.  1998.   When form and meaning come apart: quantificational nouns, predicate nominals, and locative subjects in English. Chicago Linguistic Society 34: 159-170.